Emergency preparedness is commonly defined as the process of ensuring that an organization (1) has complied with preventive measures, (2) is in a state of readiness to contain the effects of a forecasted disastrous event to minimize loss of life, injury, and damage to property, (3) can provide rescue, relief, rehabilitation, and other services in the aftermath of the disaster, and (4) has the capability and resources to continue to sustain its essential functions without being overwhelmed by the demand placed on them.
The Government of Japan, through the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), the official implementing agency for Official Technical Cooperation, dispatched a preliminary survey team to Kathmandu in August 2000 and exchanged a Scope of Work and Minutes of Meeting with HMG. Nippon Koei Co. Ltd. and OYO Corporation were contracted by JICA to conduct this study from January 2001 to March 2002. The resulting report, "Study on Earthquake Disaster Mitigation in the Kathmandu Valley" is presented herein.
The goals set in this study are focused on;